HTML5 is the recently released HTML version. Despite it is run slowly on the existing desktop browsers such as Internet Explorer, mobile devices have caught this trend pretty fast. Almost each smartphone and tablet that can be purchased nowadays supports HTML5.
Basically, the article is focused on the way HTML5 changed the opportunities for web designers and developers. Also, you’ll learn how users start seeing your website.
Reasons for Choosing HTML5
Since March 1989, the idea of using hyperlinks in order to assort similar documents over a network was successfully implemented. Hypertext is widely known today as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).
HTML was developed from the existing language applied for marking up docs, so-called SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language). In 1991, there was a conversation regarding further web and HTML evolution.
A single browser accessible was a text browser called Lynx. It all changed in 1993. Mosaic was the first product to appear offering such opportunities as images, inserted registers, and forms. It does not make any problem now, but back in 1990s most users had to browse the web in a black-and-white/green-and-black), text-only way. That’s why it was a real breakthrough to get a browser that could support pictures.
HTML operating team was armed to teeth with the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) just in 1994. That year, an operative draft of HTML 2 was carried out. Soon a World Wide Web Consortium was created to serve as a ground for HTML. In the mid of 1990’s, humanity had enjoyed HTML 3. HTML 3.2 arrived in 1997. Finally, HTML 4 was established in 1999. But what’s next?
XML & XHTML
The W3C realized something has to be modified about HTML to make the product survive. It was expected the product would become fully machine-readable, more consecutive, and much more rigorous. In other words, HTML was smoothly turned into a markup language known as XHTML.
In 1998, XHTML appeared as a version of HTML 4.01, completely rerecorded in XML (a.k.a. eXtensible Markup Language). XHTML files always had to be well-structured and active. W3C main goal was to let the existing browsers read only XHTML to prevent extending the page with non-valid and badly formed HTML.
XML is preferred by many mobile app company even today. A lot of content management systems (CMSs) need XML on the back-end as it helps to control huge sites; books are often prepared in famous DocBook maintained especially for publishing.
Meet New Solution in Shape of HTML5
XHTML’s requirements are just as accurate and demanding as XML’s. Thus, it is difficult to compose XHTML. Despite the majority of web designers understand how critical it is to develop valid HTML, when the working day passes by, the most crucial thing is to make sure HTML is displayed in the users’ browsers. Each freshman in the field of web design who has validated any page before realizes that page validity does not necessarily mean browsers won’t display it. Vice versa, browsers do not experience any difficulties with showing technically invalid HTML.
As the result, a team of web designers and developers joined professional browser launchers to create the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) in 2004. Together, these experts began to build the HTML5 specification to address their needs. After the great volume of work done, this group was about throwing XHTML into the discard. It was decided to reintegrate with the HTML5 network – that’s why the HTML5 specification was included into the W3C framework.